The principal objectives of the NPF, amongst others, are to:
(a) Operate and manage the property for and on behalf of the Government of Jamaica (GOJ) for the purpose of research, conservation, sustainable development, environmental education, and recreation;
(b) Operate and manage a wildlife sanctuary, natural green space and botanic gardens for admission to the public;
(c) Establish and maintain a wide collection of plant species whether by natural or artificial means for the purpose of facilitatory research, environmental education, conservation, and public recreation;
(d) Ensure the physical development of the estate in accordance with the approved and comprehensive plans for the gardens as a Heritage Site, botanical attraction, green recreation, and fitness facility;
(e) Position the gardens as a premier national attraction and part of the Tourism Product.