The Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI) was established in 1993, and previously known as the ICC (International Coordinating Committee), GANHRI promotes the role of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) worldwide, providing a forum for its members to interact and exchange, as well as facilitating their engagement with international organisations. Members officially adopted on 22 March 2016 the new name Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI).
The Global Alliance is formed by all the NHRIs member of the four regional networks. Member NHRIs in full compliance with the Paris Principles (‘A’ status) are entitled to become voting members and to hold governance positions. NHRIs partially in compliance with the Paris Principles (‘B’, ‘C’ and no status) can participate in the meetings but are not entitled to vote or to hold governance positions.
As per its statutes, the General Meeting is the highest power and it is formed by all its members. The General Meeting meets at least once per year to control and review the activities of the alliance and its governance bodies, as well as elect and appoint office holders when needed. As one of the four regional networks, ENNHRI and its members participate in all the General Meetings.
The Chair has a three-year mandate and rotates among the four regional groupings.
The Chair provides the strategic leadership and organisational management of the Global Alliance. In doing so, he/she consults and works in close cooperation with all the regional networks, including ENNHRI.
The Global Alliance is managed by a Bureau, which consists of four representatives from each of the four regional groupings, including the Chair.
The regional groups are represented by four elected ’A status’ NHRIs from each region. The Bureau membership rotates after three years.
One of the key functions of the Bureau is to assess the applications for membership, review and determine the accreditation status of NHRIs, following a recommendation from the Sub-Committee on Accreditation (SCA). The SCA meets twice a year to make recommendations to the Bureau on NHRIs’ accreditation status. The SCA comprises one ’A status’ NHRI from each of the four GANHRI regional groupings.